Posts tagged ‘W4pQg_80u3s’

Stop and Frisk – End the Fantasy “War” on Drugs

The problems purportedly addressed by stop-and-frisk and mandatory minimums are of the government’s own making. Thus, if we got to the root, the “need” for these bad policies would disappear.

Stop-and-frisk is largely aimed at finding youths who are carrying guns and drugs. Mandatory minimums are directed at drug sellers. It’s not hard to see what is at the root: drug prohibition. When government declares (certain) drugs illegal, those drugs don’t disappear; instead they move to the black market, which tends to be dominated by people skilled in the use of violence. Because the trade is illegal and the courts are off-limits for dispute resolution, contracts and turf will be protected by force. Those who operate on the street will find it wise to be armed.

So, as a result of prohibition and its attendant violence-prone black market, in some parts of town a percentage of young men will likely be walking around with guns and drugs. Seeing this, politicians and law-enforcement bureaucrats turn to stop-and-frisk and mandatory minimum sentences. But the only real solution is to repeal prohibition. There’s no need for intrusive police tactics or prison terms.

In a free society, government has no business telling us what we can and can’t ingest or inject. Before drug prohibition, America had no drug problem. It’s prohibition that created the problem, just as alcohol prohibition gave America organized crime on a large scale. As we’ve seen, when government tries to ban drugs, it creates bigger problems by putting drugs in the streets and gangs in control.

Stop-and-Frisk: How Government Creates Problems, Then Makes Them Worse

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War on Drugs and Prison Population


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Americans stay in prison longer, and for a wider range of offenses, than their counterparts in other nations. The United States had 2.3 million people in prison or jail in 2007—more than any other country in the world. That’s nearly 751 incarcerated individuals for every 100,000 in the population. The median for all nations is 125 people per 100,000. For some groups, the numbers are especially alarming: about 1 in 36 Hispanic adults and 1 in 15 African American adults have been in prison. In fact, 1 in 9 African American men aged 20-34 have been in prison. Since the mid-1970s, the state prison population in the United States has nearly quadrupled and the rate of incarceration in local jails has more than tripled.

Why are so many Americans in prison and what factors explain the dramatic increase in incarceration rates in such a short period of time? How has our large prison population influenced crime rates and what has it cost American communities? Just as important, what are the roles of harsher sentencing laws, the legacy of racial discrimination, and the lack of an effective social safety net?

Why Are There So Many Americans in Prison?

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Incarceration in the United States – Wikipedia

The accelerating rate of incarceration over the past few decades is just as startling as the number of people jailed: in 1980, there were about two hundred and twenty people incarcerated for every hundred thousand Americans; by 2010, the number had more than tripled, to seven hundred and thirty-one. No other country even approaches that. In the past two decades, the money that states spend on prisons has risen at six times the rate of spending on higher education. Ours is, bottom to top, a “carceral state,” in the flat verdict of Conrad Black, the former conservative press lord and newly minted reformer, who right now finds himself imprisoned in Florida, thereby adding a new twist to an old joke: A conservative is a liberal who’s been mugged; a liberal is a conservative who’s been indicted; and a passionate prison reformer is a conservative who’s in one.
. . .
William J. Stuntz, a professor at Harvard Law School who died shortly before his masterwork, “The Collapse of American Criminal Justice,” was published, last fall, is the most forceful advocate for the view that the scandal of our prisons derives from the Enlightenment-era, “procedural” nature of American justice. He runs through the immediate causes of the incarceration epidemic: the growth of post-Rockefeller drug laws, which punished minor drug offenses with major prison time; “zero tolerance” policing, which added to the group; mandatory-sentencing laws, which prevented judges from exercising judgment.

The Caging of America: Why do we lock up so many people?

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice – Google Books


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Entire world – Prison Population Rates per 100,000 of the national population

Prison Population – Pew

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