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Posted April 8, 2010 08:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBack (0)


The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 27 (27th Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 27 (Twenty-Seventh Amendment)

Amendment XXVII.

Originally proposed Sept. 25, 1789. Ratified May 7, 1992.

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.

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Rep. Kanjorski (D-PA) On Congressional Salary Increases





Grassley: No automatic pay raises for Congress





Congressman Mitchell Addresses the House about Stopping the Automatic Congressional 2011 Pay Raise





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Posted March 8, 2010 08:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 25 (25th Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 25 (Twenty-Fifth Amendment)

Amendment XXV.

Passed by Congress July 6, 1965. Ratified February 10, 1967.

Note: Article II, section 1, of the Constitution was affected by the 25th amendment.

Section 1.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3.
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

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Inauguration of President Gerald Ford following the resignation of President Nixon.






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Posted March 1, 2010 06:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 24 (24th Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 24 (Twenty-Fourth Amendment)

Amendment XXIV.

Passed by Congress August 27, 1962. Ratified January 23, 1964.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay poll tax or other tax.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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Posted February 27, 2010 11:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 23 (23rd Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 23 (Twenty-Third Amendment)

Amendment XXIII.

Passed by Congress June 16, 1960. Ratified March 29, 1961.

Section 1.
The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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2008 election night returns include 3 electoral votes for the District of Columbia.






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Posted February 24, 2010 09:47 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 22 (22nd Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 22 (Twenty-Second Amendment)

Amendment XXII.

Passed by Congress March 21, 1947. Ratified February 27, 1951.

Section 1.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Section 2.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

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Hell-Bent for Election 1944 Part 1





Hell-Bent for Election 1944 Part 2





FDR Accepts Nomination For 4th Term





The Truth About Taxes 1939






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Posted February 22, 2010 10:37 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 21 (21st Amendment )

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 21 (Twenty-First Amendment)

Amendment XXI.

Passed by Congress February 20, 1933. Ratified December 5, 1933.

Section 1.
The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2.
The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or Possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

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Stay Wet on Repeal Day (Part 1)



Prohibition Repealed, Industry Booms ca.1933



Budweiser Prohibition Repeal Announcement



Prohibition Doesn't Work!






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Posted February 20, 2010 07:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 20 (Twentieth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 20 (20th Amendment)

Amendment XX.

Passed by Congress March 2, 1932. Ratified January 23, 1933.

Note: Article I, section 4, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of this amendment. In addition, a portion of the 12th amendment was superseded by section 3.

Section 1.
The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 3.
If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

Section 4.
The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5.
Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

Section 6.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.

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Barack Obama became the 44th President of the United States (POTUS) on January 20, 2009





Prior to his inauguration, FDR was almost killed by an assassin. Had he been killed, presumably vice president-elect John Nance Garner would have assumed the presidency.





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Posted February 14, 2010 10:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 19 (Nineteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 19 (19th Amendment)

Amendment XIX.

Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920.

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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The Suffragists and the Suffragettes






The female vote





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Posted February 13, 2010 09:57 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 18 (Eighteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 18 (18th Amendment)

Amendment XVIII.

Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21.

Section 1.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

Section 2.
The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

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Prohibition: To Drink or Not to Drink (Britannica.com)



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Posted February 10, 2010 11:47 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 17 (Seventeenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 17 (17th Amendment)

Amendment XVII.

Passed by Congress May 13, 1912. Ratified April 8, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 3, of the Constitution was modified by the 17th amendment.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

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Posted February 6, 2010 11:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 16 (Sixteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 16 (16th Amendment)

Amendment XVI.

Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913.

Note: Article I, section 9, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 16.

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

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16th Amendment





The Beatles - Taxman





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Posted February 2, 2010 10:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 15 (Fifteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 15 (15th Amendment)

Amendment XV.

Passed by Congress February 26, 1869. Ratified February 3, 1870.

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude--

Section 2.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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Fifteenth Amendment - LawWebTV





You Can Vote However You Like






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Posted January 27, 2010 10:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (Fourteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (14th Amendment)

Amendment XIV.

Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.

Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th amendment.

Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Section 2.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age,* and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

Section 3.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4.
The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

* Changed by section 1 of the 26th amendment.

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14th Amendment: Cases in Controversy





Banned in Boston: Erroll Tyler's Fight for Economic Liberty





Thomas Woods: Fourteenth Amendment





Religion, Early America and the 14th Amendment





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Posted January 23, 2010 12:17 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (Thirteenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (13th Amendment)

Amendment XIII.

Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.

Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.

Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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Slavery and the Constitution






A short history of black America, including the 13th amendment.







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Posted January 21, 2010 06:07 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 12 (Twelfth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 12 (12th Amendment)

Amendment XII.

Passed by Congress December 9, 1803. Ratified June 15, 1804.

Note: A portion of Article II, section 1 of the Constitution was superseded by the 12th amendment.

The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; -- the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; -- The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. --]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

* Superseded by section 3 of the 20th amendment.

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Twelfth Amendment - LawWebTV








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Posted January 17, 2010 05:37 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 11 (Eleventh Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 11 (11th Amendment)

Amendment XI.

Passed by Congress March 4, 1794. Ratified February 7, 1795.

Note: Article III, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 11.

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

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Posted January 12, 2010 09:37 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Tenth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (10th Amendment)

Amendment X.

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.





Video: Rick Perry asserts Texas’s Tenth Amendment rights





10th Amendment - Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class





Tenth Amendment - LawWebTV


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Posted January 8, 2010 10:27 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 9 (Ninth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 9 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (9th Amendment)

Amendment IX.

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

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Posted January 3, 2010 12:47 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 8 (Eighth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 8 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (8th Amendment)

Amendment VIII.

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

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The Supreme Court rules death by lethal injection to be Constitutional.





Justice Scalia discussing torture and if it can be defined as "cruel and unusual punishment."






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Posted December 17, 2009 10:37 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 7 (Seventh Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 7 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (7th Amendment)

Amendment VII.

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

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"When First My Old, Old Love I Knew," from Gilbert & Sullivan's - Trial By Jury






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Posted December 13, 2009 01:17 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 6 (Sixth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 6 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (6th Amendment)

Amendment VI.

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

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Discussion of whether Casey Anthony, whose case was covered by the national media, could have a fair and impartial jury in any county


Discussion of whether there are any exceptions if a witness cannot be confronted.





6th Amendment, Bill of Rights, Michael Badnarik






6th Amendment Right to Counsel in Wisconsin, Jeff Murrell






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Posted December 9, 2009 09:37 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 5 (Fifth Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 5 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (5th Amendment)

Amendment V.

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.



Prof. James Duane, Regent University School of Law





Officer George Bruch, Virginia Beach Police Department





5th Amendment (pt.1) - Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class





5th Amendment (pt.2) - Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class


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Posted December 6, 2009 10:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 3 (Third Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 3 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (3rd Amendment)

Amendment III.

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.





3rd Amendment - Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class

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Posted December 1, 2009 09:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 2 (Second Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 2 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (2nd Amendment)

Amendment II.

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.





Penn & Teller on the 2nd Amendment





Second Amendment - The most popular videos are here
History of the Second Amendment



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Posted November 30, 2009 10:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 1 (The First Amendment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 1 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights)

Amendment I.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.





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Posted November 29, 2009 09:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 1-10, the Bill of Rights, Preamble

The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights

The Preamble to The Bill of Rights

Congress of the United States
begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.

RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

Note: The first ten amendments to the Constitution were ratified December 15, 1791, and form what is known as the "Bill of Rights."

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Posted November 27, 2009 10:37 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. VI.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. VI.

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.





Article VI: Faith, Politics, America


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Posted November 18, 2009 09:47 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 4.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. IV.
Section. 4.

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.

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Posted November 10, 2009 08:47 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 3.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. IV.
Section. 3.

New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

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Posted November 7, 2009 10:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 2.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. IV.
Section. 2.

The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

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News story about extradition of Andrew Anthony Guerrero, charged In Kansas City, Kansas







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Posted November 4, 2009 08:17 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 1.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. IV.
Section. 1.

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

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Posted October 29, 2009 10:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. III. Section. 3.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. III.
Section. 3.

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.





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Posted October 14, 2009 09:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. III. Section. 2.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. III.
Section. 2.

The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or more States;-- between a State and Citizens of another State,--between Citizens of different States,--between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.





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Posted October 9, 2009 05:17 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. III. Section. 1.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. III.
Section. 1.

The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.





Stephen Breyer - The Supreme Court During Wartime


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Posted October 5, 2009 08:37 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. II. Section. 4.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. II.
Section. 4.

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

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Posted September 29, 2009 08:47 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. II. Section. 3.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. II.
Section. 3.

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

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Posted September 21, 2009 08:07 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. II. Section. 2.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. II.
Section. 2.

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.





Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) chairs this 9-second session of the United States Senate on December 26, 2008, to prevent recess appointments by President Bush.



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Posted September 15, 2009 06:27 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. II. Section. 1.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. II.
Section. 1.

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

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Posted September 11, 2009 09:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 10.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. I.
Section. 10.

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.







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Posted September 5, 2009 12:17 PM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)

The Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 9.

The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription

Article. I.
Section. 9.

The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

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Attorney General Alberto Gonzales testifying before Congress and discussing the meaning and rights of habeas corpus granted in this section.




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Posted August 31, 2009 08:07 AM  ·  Permalink   ·  U.S. Constitution   ·  Comments (0)   ·  TrackBacks (0)